- Code Number:
Redstone Rocket with the Mercury Capsule, Spacecraft, Mercury-Redstone
- Mercury-Redstone rocket. This was the first US manned space vehicle, though it was only capable of suborbital missions. Two successful flights were taken, one by Alan Shepard May 5, 1961 (Americas first man in space), and the Second by Virgil Grissom on July 21, 1961.
Height: 83 feet
Thrust: 76,000 lbs
Weight: 33 tons
Propellants: Alcohol and Liquid Oxygen
At this point the United States was in a hurried state of man in space development, as the USSR was clearly in the "lead" in what became the cold war space race between the two conflicting super powers. President Eisenhower had let the county go to complacency in the development of rockets for manned space flight. Wernher von Braun and others continually urged the president and congress to make space flight a priority. It wasn't until the the Russians orbited their first satellite into space that the United States fully realized the mistake of this complacency. To President Eisenhower's credit, he finally recognized the juvenile and destructive behavior of the various branches of military service, each one insisting that they were the organization to develop rockets and missiles. He realized that almost like taking toys away from bickering children, he had to create a new entity to deal with the massive research and development required to not only overtake the Russians lead at that point, but to deal with the new marvelous opportunities presented by the frontier of space. To this extent On July 29, 1958, US President Dwight Eisenhower officially created NASA.
Expendable manned low-earth orbit spacecraft, Spaceflight, Science, Aerospace, Technology, Space Vehicle, LEO
- Image by:
- Wernher Krutein