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TURBINIA, first steam turbine powered ship, (Turbina)
- This revolutionary Craft was the first steam turbine powered ship. It was constructed as an experimental vessel in 1894, and instantly became the fastest ship in the world by far, Turbinia would change shipbuilding philosophy forever. This proof of concept proved that the use of turbine power plants had some powerful advantages over the old steam powerplants of the time. It was the equivalent of switching from piston powered engines on aircraft to jet engine power.
Displacement: 44.5 tons
Length: 31.62 meters (103 feet 9 in)
Beam: 2.7 meters (9 feet)
Draft: 0.91 meters (3 feet)
Propulsion: Three-stage axial-flow Parsons steam turbine driving two 3.81 meters (12 feet 6 in) outer shafts, each with three 460 mm (18 in) diameter, 610 mm (24 in) pitch propellers, and one inner shaft with three propellers.
1,500 kW (2,000 hp) three-drum water-tube coal fired boiler with double ended 100 m2 (1,100 square feet) heating surface.
1.4 MPa (200 psi), 1.2 MPa (170 psi) at the turbine
Speed: 34.5 knots (63.9 km/h)
Navy, Military, Armament, Killingry, Weaponry, warfare