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Avianca Flight 52 Runs out of Fuel, Boeing 707-321B, HK-2016, JT3D-3B, JT3D
Code Number:
TAWV01P05_08
Title:
Avianca Flight 52 Runs out of Fuel, Boeing 707-321B, HK-2016, JT3D-3B, JT3D
Avianca Flight 52 was a regularly scheduled flight from Bogota Colombia to New York's JFK international Airport. On Thursday, January 25, 1990, this flight, a Boeing 707-321B registered as HK-2016, crashed into the town of Cove Neck, Long Island, New York after running out of fuel. 73 out of the 158 passengers and crew on board were killed.

Type: Boeing 707-321B
Operator: Avianca
Registration: HK-2016
CN: 19276
LN: 592
First flight: 1967
Total airframe hrs: 61196
Engines: 4x Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B

Accident Report:
Date: 25 JAN 1990
Time: 21:34 EST
Crew: Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 9
Passengers: Fatalities: 65 / Occupants: 149
Total: Fatalities: 73 / Occupants: 158
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location: Cove Neck, NY (United States of America)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature: International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport: Rionegro/Medell’n-JosŽ Mar’a Cordova Airport (MDE/SKRG), Colombia
Destination airport: New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), USA
Flight number: 052

PROBABLE CAUSE: The failure of the flight crew to adequately manage the airliners fuel load, and their failure to communicate an emergency fuel situation to air traffic control before fuel exhaustion occurred. Contributing to the aviation accident was the flight crew's failure to use an airline operational control dispatch system to assist them during the international flight into a high-density airport in inclement weather. Also contributing to the accident was inadequate traffic flow management by the FAA and the lack of standardized understandable terminology for pilots and controllers for minimum and emergency fuel states. The Safety Board also determines that windshear, crew fatigue and stress were factors that led to the unsuccessful completion of the first approach and thus contributed to the accident.
Keywords:
John F. Kennedy International Airport, JFK, New York City, USA, Idlewild, Queens, Boeing 707, B-707, Four Engine, Narrow Body, Jet, Single Aisle, Fanjet, Long Range, Fixed wing multi engine, Turbojet, multi-engine, Jetliner, low-wing, Turbofan, Plane, Avianca Airlines, Colombia, AVA, Star Alliance, Aviation Accidents, Crash, wreck, wreckage, air disaster, incident, Civil Aviation, Civilian, Transportation, Aircraft, Airplane, Plane

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